UNDISCIPLINED acts of disposing of wastes not only in urban areas but in rural regions and direct disposing of waste and dangerous chemicals from industries into the water and land without systematic management may cause dangers to the health of humans and the environment.
The United Nations Environment Program stated some seven million global peoples lose their lives yearly due to pollution in the environment. The global countries dispose of 11.2 billion tonnes of waste on a yearly basis, some eight million tonnes of which go to seas and oceans, triggering water pollution.
Actually, humans use more than 100,000 items of chemical elements. As such, if they do not manage the use of precursor chemicals across the world, it may cause a hazard to the environment and humans. That is why it is necessary to take care disposing of waste across the world.
Currently, the resumed session of UNEA-5 (UNEA-5.2) held in March 2022 agreed to implement a convention under the law to eradicate plastic pollution which becomes a global problem. Hence, Myanmar needs to adopt plans for controlling plastic pollution through various ways and means. Only when the entire people participate in the controlling of plastic pollution will it deliver many benefits to the State.
In order to control the various pollutions, all the people need to systematically dispose of the waste. Hence, it is necessary to supervise the development affairs bodies and related departments and organizations in ensuring the waste management is in line with the national waste management strategy and the master plan adopted by the government.
This being so, the government constitutes municipal bodies in Nay Pyi Taw, Yangon and Mandalay by enacting the relevant laws while forming relevant municipal bodies at different levels in capitals of regions and states and major cities as well as in garrison cities. These bodies are reliable driving forces for shaping the cities smart, lush and green under systematic waste systems to be free from hazardous events of pollution.
Mostly in monsoon, the solution containing various elements and chemical residues flows out from the unofficial landfills piled with undisciplined-disposed waste. Some kinds of solutions from the waste may be fatal and some hazard to the health of the people. The worsening location of waste may change the climatic conditions as well as destroy crop plantations.
Hence, non-governmental organizations and governmental organizations need to cooperate with each other in implementing the systematic arrangements for waste. Only when people, organizations and authorities at different levels comply with the waste management system will they face easily solving waste problems.