Every country preserves its mother language which may be one or more than one languages even though it uses any international language as the official language. Most of the countries are formed with one more ethnic-using relevant languages as well as indigenous languages and dialects.
Whatever it may be, every country or every ethnic or national race uses its own language in communicating with others. Even if they learn school education or accumulate general knowledge on relevant subjects, they use not only any international languages but mother language.
Currently, some 40 per cent of the global population does not have access to learn education in a language they speak, write or understand. Hence, they have to make progress in learning multilingual education, especially in pursuing school education at different levels and more commitment to its development in public life.
International Mother Language Day recognizes that languages and multilingualism can advance inclusion. The United Nations set the Sustainable Development Goals which focus on leaving no one behind. UNESCO encourages and promotes multilingual education based on the mother tongue or first language.
Actually, language is the communication device between two sides or two persons. The emergence of mother languages is based on national characters, cultural heritage, and national histories. On the other hand, the mother languages reflect the prestige of relevant nationals and countries. If the survey is conducted in the mother language, it will expose the background history of relevant nations.
It is a type of education that begins in the language that the learner masters most and then gradually introduces other languages. This approach enables learners whose mother tongue is different from the language of instruction to bridge the gap between home and school, to discover the school environment in a familiar language, and thus, learn better.
The theme of the 2023 International Mother Language Day, “Multilingual education – a necessity to transform education” aligns with recommendations made during the Transforming Education Summit, where an emphasis was also placed on indigenous people’s education and languages. As such, multilingualism contributes to the development of inclusive societies that allow multiple cultures, worldviews, and knowledge systems to coexist and cross-fertilize.
That is why efforts to improve the mother language can be defined as promoting the learning systems and teaching technologies not only for the global people especially school-age children but for relevant ethnics of mother countries. If so, all have to strive for the improvement of communication technologies based on relevant mother languages of the global countries.